Carrie A. Nation (November 25, 1846 – June 9, 1911) was a member of the temperance movement, which opposed alcohol in pre-Prohibition America. She is particularly noted for promoting her viewpoint through vandalism. On many occasions Nation would enter an alcohol-serving establishment and attack the bar with a hatchet. She has been the topic of numerous books, articles and even a 1966 opera by Douglas Moore, first performed at the University of Kansas.
Nation was a large woman, almost 6 feet (180 cm) tall and weighing 175 pounds (79 kg) and of a somewhat stern countenance. She described herself as “a bulldog running along at the feet of Jesus, barking at what He doesn’t like”, and claimed a divine ordination to promote temperance by smashing up bars. [Wikipedia]
Her religious fervor was most likely syphilis-induced madness, either contracted directly from her husband, or congenitally from her mother, who probably got it from her husband. She retired in 1910, but not because of mounting legal fees. She took her axe to a Montana saloon, and the the owner, a woman, beat her to a pulp. [Remember the Ladies, Kirsten Olsen]