Watch a documentary with these photos and audio interviews: “Stories From the Gulf: Living With the Oil Disaster,” produced by NRDC with opening narration by Robert Redford, premieres on Discovery’s Planet Green on Saturday, April 23, at 2:30 p.m. ET. Here’s the trailer:
Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm (November 30, 1924 – January 1, 2005) was an American politician, educator, and author. She was a Congresswoman, representing New York’s 12th Congressional District for seven terms from 1969 to 1983. In 1968, she became the first black woman elected to Congress. On January 25, 1972, she became the first major-party black candidate for President of the United States and the first woman to run for the Democratic presidential nomination (Margaret Chase Smith had previously run for the Republican presidential nomination). She received 152 first-ballot votes at the 1972 Democratic National Convention. [Wikipedia]
Throughout her political career she worked on behalf of the underdogs—blacks, women, children, inner city dwellers, and domestic workers. Education, day care, youth programs, and women’s rights were her favorite issues. She was, as she put it, “unbought and unbossed.” However, she suffered a series of betrayals that left her furious: “I love a good fight and people know [it]… But what hurst me more than anything else… is the brothers in politics…they won’t get off my back.” [Remember the Ladies, Kirsten Olsen]
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (Indir? Priyadar?in? G?ndh?; née: Nehru; 19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984) was the Prime Minister of the Republic of India for three consecutive terms from 1966 to 1977 and for a fourth term from 1980 until her assassination in 1984, a total of fifteen years. She is India’s only female prime minister to date. She is the world’s all time longest serving female Prime Minister. [Wikipedia]
She came from a prominent Brahmin family, her aunt, Vijaya Pandit,, was oner of the most powerful and respected women in India, and her father, Jawaharlal Nehru, was India’s first Prime Minister.
Abigail Adams (née Smith; November 11, 1744 – October 28, 1818) was the wife of John Adams, who was the second President of the United States, and the mother of John Quincy Adams, the sixth. She was the first Second Lady of the United States, and the second First Lady of the United States. Adams is remembered for the many letters she wrote to her husband while he stayed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, during the Continental Congresses. John frequently sought the advice of Abigail on many matters, and their letters are filled with intellectual discussions on government and politics. The letters are invaluable eyewitness accounts of the Revolutionary War home front as well as excellent sources of political commentary. [Wikipedia]
Abigail probably never would have been famous had she not been the wife of John Adams and the mother of John Quincy Adams. But she deserved more than reflected glory. A witty, honest woman who loved her husband and her five children, she was not only the first First Lady to live in the White House but a skillful farmer and business woman, an astute political adviser, and an articulate letter-writer as well. Her correspondence, first published by her grandson Charles, is full of gossip, affection, and political observations. She was an ardent abolitionist long before such views were even entertained as subjects of conversation. She expressed doubts as to Virginians’ “passion for Liberty” since they “have been accustomed to deprive their fellow Creatures of theirs.”
She was also a feminist, and she justly accused her husband of creating a republic for men only. In March 1776, she wrote to John: “Remember the Ladies, and be more generous and favorable to them than your ancestors. Do not put such unlimited power into the hands of the Husbands. Remember all Men would be tyrants if they could. If particular care and attention is not paid to the Ladies we are determined to foment a Rebellion, and will not hold ourselves bound by any Law in which we have no voice, or Representation.” [Remember the Ladies, Kirsten Olsen]